Gout - Symptoms, Causes and complications

Disease of gout or gout is a joint disease that occurs due to the levels of uric acid in the blood is too high. In normal conditions, uric acid is dissolved in the blood and out through the urine.

But under certain conditions, the body can produce excess amounts of uric acid or experience interruptions in disposing of excess uric acid, so the uric acid builds up in the body.

A buildup of uric acid crystals will form in the joints, which can trigger pain and swell in various joints of the body. Although generally form in the joints, uric acid crystals can also form in the kidneys and the urinary tract. The condition can interfere with the function of the kidneys or cause urinary tract stones.

Although caused by high levels of uric acid in the blood (hyperuricemia), not all sufferers of hyperuricemia disease afflicted by gout. In fact, just 1/3 hyperuricemia sufferers who experienced this disease.

Symptoms of Gout

Disease symptoms of gout are generally in the form of sudden joint pain in a short (acute), then lost in a few days and appears again after 6 or 12 months. In some cases, sufferers experience symptoms of gout disease chronic, recurrent gout attacks occurring over a long period of time.

In acute gout, pain only occurs in one or several joints, such as in the big toe, knee, or ankle. The symptoms will be severe during the first two days, and it could take up to 10 days.

Generally, the sufferer will feel great pain that appears suddenly during nighttime. In addition, joint pain that feels will look red, swollen, and very sore though only touched a little. Some acute gout sufferers also experience fever over the pain strikes.

Whereas in chronic gout, the symptoms appear is accompanied by the pain of arthritis that occurs repeatedly, and can lead to permanent joint damage, where the joints can not move normally. In addition to the hallux, pain also occurs in many joints in the body, such as the elbows, fingers, and wrists, as well as the heel.

Caused of Gout

Purine is a substance that is naturally generated body, but also on certain types of food. To parse a substance the body, purine will naturally produce uric acid. Most uric acid is thrown through the urine, and the others are discarded through the stool.

In sufferers of the disease gout, uric acid levels in the body exceed the normal limit. This condition can occur when the body produces too much uric acid, or hard body discards excess uric acid.
When it lasts for a long time, a uric acid that accumulates in the body can form a sort of sharp crystals in the joints, causing pain, inflammation, and even swell.

Complications of Gout

Sufferers of the disease should be aware of uric acid complications that may arise from this disease, including:
1     The emergence of hard lumps. Tophi is formed due to a buildup of uric acid crystals under the skin and can appear in multiple areas of the body, such as the fingers, hands, elbows, feet, and around the ankles. Even though it does not cause pain, tophi could swell and harden when the attacks of gout occur.
2.   Gout recurrence. In some cases, attacks of gout can occur several times a year. When left not addressed, the condition can cause porous and damage to the joints.
3.    Kidney stone Disease. Uric acid crystals can accumulate in the urinary tract, and cause kidney stones.

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